The Sunday Magazine
Her battle with World Athletics has spanned three courts and five years, but the middle-distance sprinter says the fight isn’t anywhere close to over.
The runner hasn’t been allowed to compete in middle distance races since 2019 due to high testosterone levels
Abby Hughes · CBC News
The Sunday Magazine24:30Runner Caster Semenya says she’s not done fighting for the right to compete
Featured VideoShe has two Olympic golds and four podium finishes at the World Championships. But Caster Semenya can no longer compete in elite competition, all because of what’s long defined the middle distance runner more than her athletic achievement: her gender. Semenya has higher testosterone levels than average women, which has made her a lightning rod in conversations around gender in sports for years. Now, she’s telling her own story in a memoir called The Race to Be Myself. She joins Piya Chattopadhyay to talk about being the subject of debate in public and how she’s keeping up her fight for all women to be respected and included in sports.
While being sidelined from the sport she loves hasn’t been easy, Olympic gold medallist Caster Semenya says fighting for the right to compete has helped her accept the rules that restrict her from running.
“At the moment, my priorities [are] on levelling the sport, advocating for what is right,” she told The Sunday Magazine host Piya Chattopadhyay.
“I believe in fighting the injustice. I believe in diversity and inclusivity. I believe in advocating for human rights, and that’s me…. I’m in peace. I’m good.”
The middle-distance runner, 32, from South Africa hasn’t been allowed to compete in distances from 400 metres to one mile (1,609 metres) since 2019, when governing body World Athletics instituted a policy that requires women like Semenya, who have high levels of testosterone, to take medication that suppresses the hormone if they want to race.
Semenya says she took the medication for a period of time, but has since stopped saying it “tortured” her body.
For the past five years, Semenya has been fighting a legal battle with World Athletics over its testosterone limit for women. The court challenges began in 2018, and led to three appeals by Semenya — the last of which she won in July.
However, Semenya says her advocacy work — and her personal story, which she chronicles in a new memoir titled The Race to Be Myself — won’t be over until men in sporting organizations stop making rules over women’s bodies.
“Fighting for this injustice, that’s what I’m going to do … Fight for women, make sure that women are respected, women’s sports is respected,” she said.
WATCH | Reaction to World Athletics new testosterone regulations in 2019:
Caster Semenya’s ruling could shape the future of women’s sports
Featured VideoSouth African Caster Semenya is a 28-year-old, two-time Olympic gold medal winner. Her biology has put those wins under the microscope though. Semenya naturally has a higher testosterone level than most women, a big problem according to the International Association of Athletics Federation.
‘It was hell’
In 2008, Semenya started to make waves for her stellar performance at junior competitions. But in the lead-up to the 2009 World Championships in Berlin, World Athletics requested that Semenya take invasive gender tests to determine her eligibility.
Despite winning gold at the competition, both the public and media’s attention fixated on her gender and questioned the fairness of her competing among other women athletes.
A laundry list of “humiliating” tests were performed to verify Semenya’s sex, including a physician’s exam and reports from a gynecologist, psychologist, endocrinologist and a gender expert. Documents with private details leaked to the press in 2009 later revealed that Semenya has “differences in sex development,” or DSD.
The diagnosis came as news to Semenya and was incredibly difficult to deal with, she says.
“Here you are, you are new in the game and … you’re not enough,” she said.
“To process that, it becomes hard because you don’t know who to trust. You don’t know who to talk to. It was hell.”
Semenya says hormone treatments to lower her testosterone levels made her feel nauseous, depressed and mentally drained. She had trouble sleeping and experienced panic attacks, but she lived with the pain because she wanted to be an Olympic champion.
“That’s the extent you can go, because the only thing that makes sense to you is the language of sports. The only thing that makes sense to you is to go out there, because that’s the only place where you are safe,” she said.
In 2015, World Athletics’ testosterone limit policy was suspended after a court challenge, allowing Semenya to compete without hormone therapy for four years — including at the 2012 and 2016 Olympics where she won gold medals — before it was reinstated. In 2019, the rule was changed to limit the allowed amount of testosterone for women even further, from 10 nanomoles per litre of blood to five. The limit has since been lowered even further to 2.5 nanomoles.
That’s where Semenya drew her line and decided she was no longer willing to suppress her hormones for the sport.
“I respect myself to an extent where I cannot repeat the same mistakes, where I sacrificed my happiness, my health just for running,” she said.
A five-year fight — and counting
Now, Semenya says the ongoing fight with World Athletics has become her main mission.
Semenya won an appeal in her challenge against the sport governing body at the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in July. This came after she lost her initial 2019 appeal of the testosterone limit at the Court of Arbitration for Sport, and a first appeal to the Swiss Federal Tribunal.
“This important personal win for her is also a wider victory for elite athletes around the world,” Semenya’s lawyers said at the time.
Semenya also says she’s come to love her differences — something she hopes others can aim for in their own lives as well.
“If you can respect yourself and love the person you are … you will see that no man’s word or no woman’s word will define you,” she said.
Her win at the ECHR doesn’t necessarily mean that World Athletics will have to change its rules, however. The case was referred to the ECHR’s Grand Chamber earlier this month following a request from the Swiss government.
In a statement to CBC, a spokesperson for World Athletics said the DSD regulations remain in place.
“World Athletics’ primary focus is on protecting the integrity of the female category. If we don’t, then women and young girls will not choose sport. That is, and has always been, the Federation’s sole motivation,” the statement read.
Whatever happens next, Semenya says she’s ready.
“If [they appeal], at [the] end of the day, that doesn’t make any change. It will be [an] ongoing battle till they decide, you know what? We are tired. We are going to walk away,” she said.
“At the end of the day, the main goal is for us to scrap this nonsense that they are doing.”
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Abby Hughes does a little bit of everything at CBC News in Toronto. She has a bachelor’s degree in journalism from Toronto Metropolitan University. You can reach her at email@example.com.
Interview with Caster Semenya produced by Brianna Gosse